Turkey offers many study opportunities for international students at more than 200 institutions and 58,000 courses of your choice. Turkey is a full member of the Bologna Process / European higher education area since 2001. Accordingly, ECTS is applied in accordance with Europe, and all students are given a Diploma Supplement. Therefore, a diploma received from a Turkish university is recognized in all European countries. Also, Turkey is an active participant in the Erasmus+ student exchange programme.
Turkey has a diversified higher education system with different types of institutions: universities, universities of applied sciences, graduate schools, 4-year schools, conservatories, post-secondary vocational schools, and research and application centers.
In this section, we highlight the overall performance of Turkish universities on the institutional level per U-Multirank dimension. The table below shows the national breakdown of Turkish universities and how they stand across the spectrum of above average (receiving a score of ‘A’ (very good) or ‘B’ (good)), versus below average (receiving a score of ‘D’ (below average) or ‘E’ (weak)). In doing so, U-Multirank offers a clear picture on the country’s strengths and areas for improvement.
It becomes apparent that in general Turkey's higher education institutions perform strongest in U-Multirank’s regional engagement dimension.
In Turkey, tuition fees are applied differently in public and private universities. In public universities, tuition fees are decided and announced by the Council of Ministers, taking into consideration the type and duration of study in different disciplines, and they range between $80 and $1,500. In private universities, on the other hand, tuition fees are decided by the board of the university, and they range between $5,000 and $20,000.
Tuition fees for international students are fairly affordable and vary depending on the program. Public universities are much cheaper than private institutions in Turkey, as a postgraduate degree at a public university could cost you as little as US$300-800 for a postgraduate qualification. Private universities set their own fees and charge up to $20,000.
At public universities, tuition fees are generally more expensive for study programs in English, ranging from $600-1500 per year, while the same courses in Turkish are around $240-750.
Higher education in Turkey is not that much different from what you’ll find in the EU Bologna system. It is also organised on 3 levels: Bachelor’s, Master’s, and Ph.D.
If you intend to do a Bachelor’s degree in Turkey, you will need to have graduated from high school or be about to graduate.
If you want to purse a Master's degree or a Ph.D. programme in Turkey, you will also have to check specific requirements on each programme website.
In Turkey, foreigners who will stay longer than the visa/ visa exemption period for 90 days will be required to obtain a residence permit. This process can be done at the Turkish consulate or embassy in your home country before arriving in Turkey. After receiving a visa, it is possible to register as a student as well as being able to receive a residency permit. For more information on visa requirements for students, please click here.
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