Protecting yourself and others during the Coronavirus outbreak – information for students and parents

John Roman, U-Multirank 

March 04, 2020 14:50 (CET)

Protecting yourself and others during the Coronavirus outbreak – information for students and parents

As a student, or the parent of a student, you may be concerned about the recent outbreak of COVID-19. With more than 92,700 infected and at least 3,155 deaths to date, COVID-19, the new coronavirus, has been declared a global emergency by the World Health Organization. But what does that mean for you as a student, or the parent of a student?

If you are/ have a student – especially one studying abroad this term – you are probably paying extra close attention to news stories about the spread of coronavirus. It’s important to stay informed and up-to-date on the facts regarding coronavirus in order to minimize your chances of contracting or spreading the disease.

Here's what you need to know along with resources for finding the most up-to-date information to protect yourself and prevent the spread of COVID-19:

  • What is a coronavirus?

    • Coronaviruses are a large family of viruses which may cause illness in animals or humans.  In humans, several coronaviruses are known to cause respiratory infections ranging from the common cold to more severe diseases such as Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS) and Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS). The most recently discovered coronavirus causes coronavirus disease COVID-19.
  • What is COVID-19?

    • COVID-19 is the infectious disease caused by the most recently discovered coronavirus. This new virus and disease were unknown before the outbreak began in Wuhan, China, in December 2019.
  • What are the symptoms of COVID-19?

    • The most common symptoms of COVID-19 are fever, tiredness, and dry cough. Some patients may have aches and pains, nasal congestion, runny nose, sore throat or diarrhea. These symptoms are usually mild and begin gradually. Some people become infected but don’t develop any symptoms and don't feel unwell. Most people (about 80%) recover from the disease without needing special treatment. Around 1 out of every 6 people who gets COVID-19 becomes seriously ill and develops difficulty breathing. Older people, and those with underlying medical problems like high blood pressure, heart problems or diabetes, are more likely to develop serious illness. About 2% of people with the disease have died. People with fever, cough and difficulty breathing should seek medical attention.
  • What can I do to protect myself and prevent the spread of disease?

    • Protection measures for everyone
        • Stay aware of the latest information on the COVID-19 outbreak, available on the WHO website and through your national and local public health authority. COVID-19 is still affecting mostly people in China with some outbreaks in other countries. Most people who become infected experience mild illness and recover, but it can be more severe for others. Take care of your health and protect others by doing the following:
        • Regularly and thoroughly clean your hands with an alcohol-based hand rub or wash them with soap and water. Why? Washing your hands with soap and water or using alcohol-based hand rub kills viruses that may be on your hands.
        • Maintain at least 1 metre (3 feet) distance between yourself and anyone who is coughing or sneezing. Why? When someone coughs or sneezes they spray small liquid droplets from their nose or mouth which may contain virus. If you are too close, you can breathe in the droplets, including the COVID-19 virus if the person coughing has the disease.
        • Avoid touching eyes, nose and mouth. Why? Hands touch many surfaces and can pick up viruses. Once contaminated, hands can transfer the virus to your eyes, nose or mouth. From there, the virus can enter your body and can make you sick.
        • Make sure you, and the people around you, follow good respiratory hygiene. This means covering your mouth and nose with your bent elbow or tissue when you cough or sneeze. Then dispose of the used tissue immediately. Why? Droplets spread virus. By following good respiratory hygiene you protect the people around you from viruses such as cold, flu and COVID-19.
        • Stay home if you feel unwell. If you have a fever, cough and difficulty breathing, seek medical attention and call in advance. Follow the directions of your local health authority. Why? National and local authorities will have the most up to date information on the situation in your area. Calling in advance will allow your health care provider to quickly direct you to the right health facility. This will also protect you and help prevent spread of viruses and other infections.
        • Stay informed on the latest developments about COVID-19. Follow advice given by your healthcare provider, your national and local public health authority or your employer on how to protect yourself and others from COVID-19. Why? National and local authorities will have the most up to date information on whether COVID-19 is spreading in your area. They are best placed to advise on what people in your area should be doing to protect themselves.
    • Protection measures for persons who are in or have recently visited (past 14 days) areas where COVID-19 is spreading
      • Follow the guidance outlined above. (Protection measures for everyone)
      • Stay at home if you begin to feel unwell, even with mild symptoms such as headache and slight runny nose, until you recover. Why? Avoiding contact with others and visits to medical facilities will allow these facilities to operate more effectively and help protect you and others from possible COVID-19 and other viruses.
      • If you develop fever, cough and difficulty breathing, seek medical advice promptly as this may be due to a respiratory infection or other serious condition. Call in advance and tell your provider of any recent travel or contact with travelers. Why? Calling in advance will allow your health care provider to quickly direct you to the right health facility. This will also help to prevent possible spread of COVID-19 and other viruses.
  • Are antibiotics effective in preventing or treating the COVID-19?

    • Antibiotics do not work against viruses, they only work on bacterial infections. COVID-19 is caused by a virus, so antibiotics do not work. Antibiotics should not be used as a means of prevention or treatment of COVID-19. They should only be used as directed by a physician to treat a bacterial infection.
  • Is there a vaccine, drug or treatment for COVID-19?

    • Not yet. To date, there is no vaccine and no specific antiviral medicine to prevent or treat COVID-2019. However, those affected should receive care to relieve symptoms. People with serious illness should be hospitalized. Most patients recover thanks to supportive care.
    • Possible vaccines and some specific drug treatments are under investigation. They are being tested through clinical trials. WHO is coordinating efforts to develop vaccines and medicines to prevent and treat COVID-19.
    • The most effective ways to protect yourself and others against COVID-19 are to frequently clean your hands, cover your cough with the bend of elbow or tissue, and maintain a distance of at least 1 meter (3 feet) from people who are coughing or sneezing. For more information, see basic protective measures against the new coronavirus.
  • Should I wear a mask to protect myself?

    • People with no respiratory symptoms, such as cough, do not need to wear a medical mask. WHO recommends the use of masks for people who have symptoms of COVID-19 and for those caring for individuals who have symptoms, such as cough and fever. The use of masks is crucial for health workers and people who are taking care of someone (at home or in a health care facility).
    • WHO advises rational use of medical masks to avoid unnecessary wastage of precious resources and misuse of masks (see Advice on the use of masks). Use a mask only if you have respiratory symptoms (coughing or sneezing), have suspected COVID-19 infection with mild symptoms, or are caring for someone with suspected COVID-19 infection. A suspected COVID-19 infection is linked to travel in areas where cases have been reported, or close contact with someone who has travelled in these areas and has become ill.
    • The most effective ways to protect yourself and others against COVID-19 are to frequently clean your hands, cover your cough with the bend of elbow or tissue and maintain a distance of at least 1 meter (3 feet) from people who are coughing or sneezing. For more information, see basic protective measures against the new coronavirus.
  • How to properly put on, use, take off and dispose a mask?

    • Remember, a mask should only be used by health workers, care takers, and individuals with respiratory symptoms, such as fever and cough.
    • Before touching the mask, clean hands with an alcohol-based hand rub or soap and water.
    • Take the mask and inspect it for tears or holes.
    • Orient which side is the top side (where the metal strip is).
    • Ensure the proper side of the mask faces outwards (the coloured side).
    • Place the mask to your face. Pinch the metal strip or stiff edge of the mask so it moulds to the shape of your nose.
    • Pull down the mask’s bottom so it covers your mouth and your chin.
    • After use, take off the mask; remove the elastic loops from behind the ears while keeping the mask away from your face and clothes, to avoid touching potentially contaminated surfaces of the mask.
    • Discard the mask in a closed bin immediately after use.
    • Perform hand hygiene after touching or discarding the mask – Use alcohol-based hand rub or, if visibly soiled, wash your hands with soap and water.
  • How long is the incubation period for COVID-19?

    • The “incubation period” means the time between catching the virus and beginning to have symptoms of the disease. Most estimates of the incubation period for COVID-19 range from 1-14 days, most commonly around five days. These estimates will be updated as more data become available.
  • Can I catch COVID-19 from my pet?

    • There is no evidence that companion animals or pets such as cats and dogs have been infected or could spread the virus that causes COVID-19.
  • Is there anything I should NOT do?

    • The following measures ARE NOT effective against COVID-2019 and can be harmful:
      • Smoking
      • Taking traditional herbal remedies
      • Wearing multiple masks
      • Taking self-medication such as antibiotics
    • In any case, if you have fever, cough and difficulty breathing seek medical care early to reduce the risk of developing a more severe infection and be sure to share your recent travel history with your health care provider.

Many study abroad programmes are being effected by the recent outbreak. Students studying abroad, or looking to do so in the coming semesters should contact their respective programmes to see if there are any changes in scheduling being made.

For the most relevant and up-to-date information on COVID-19, please check with your national health organisation, or the World Health Orgnization (WHO).

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