Oct 13, 2020 15:27(CET)
The Nobel Prize is a set of annual international awards bestowed in several categories by Swedish and Norwegian institutions in recognition of academic, cultural or scientific advances. The Nobel Prize is awarded by the following institutions for the respective categories:
Recipients of the Nobel Prizes for Chemistry, Physics, Physiology or Medicine, Literature and Peace were first awarded in 1901 per the will of the Swedish chemist, engineer and industrialist, Alfred Nobel (1833-1896). The prizes are highly regarded as the most prestigious awards in their respective fields.
The 2020 Nobel Prizes for Chemistry, Physics, Physiology or Medicine, Literature and Peace were announced between 05. – 12. October. The recipients are as follows:
Harvey J. Alter, Michael Houghton and Charles M. Rice, for the discovery of Hepatitis C virus.
Roger Penrose, University of Oxford, UK for the discovery that black hole formation is a robust prediction of the general theory of relativity and the other half jointly to Reinhard Genzel, Max Planck Institute for Extraterrestrial Physics, Garching, Germany and University of California, Berkeley, USA, and to Andrea Ghez, University of California, Los Angeles, USA for the discovery of a supermassive compact object at the centre of our galaxy.
Emmanuelle Charpentier, Max Planck Unit for the Science of Pathogens, Berlin, Germany and Jennifer A. Doudna, University of California, Berkeley, USA for the development of a method for genome editing.
The American poet Louise Glück for her unmistakable poetic voice that with austere beauty makes individual existence universal.
The World Food Programme (WFP) for its efforts to combat hunger, for its contribution to bettering conditions for peace in conflict-affected areas and for acting as a driving force in efforts to prevent the use of hunger as a weapon of war and conflict.
Paul R. Milgrom, Stanford University, USA and Robert B. Wilson, Stanford University, USA for improvements to auction theory and inventions of new auction formats.
For the full press releases to the 2020 Nobel Prizes, please visit: https://www.nobelprize.org/prizes/about/prize-announcement-dates/.
For students looking to find the best study programme for them, visit our study subjects pages to compare universities. U-Multirank offers personalised rankings across 28 study subjects, including three of the Nobel Prize categories: chemistry, physics and medicine.